Growing to a height of 30 metres, these stately trees can live for two centuries or more. There are various cultivated varieties that have been grown for ornamental planting and timber production, and have also become naturalised. This tree can now be seen along riversides, roadsides and in parks. This has been flagged in a number of documents I've read as a key way to identify native black poplar with trees apparently exhibiting the gall on the vast majority of leaves. The leaves are triangular or pear shaped. To begin with, the balsam poplar trees have leaves which are quite thick and have pointy ends. Proper tree identification is the first step to understanding and managing our forests. There are around 35 different species of Poplar, but you are most likely to see the White Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, or the Balsam Poplar in the United States. The black poplar is one of the native trees, i.e. The black poplar is one of the native trees, i.e. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Cankers on branches cause the branch to wither and die, and the disease can spread to the trunk. Despite being an important part of our culture for centuries, it has declined massively. Fast growing deciduous spreading tree with a dark bark and diamond-shaped bronze leaves turning to bright green when mature. The leaves of Grey poplar are round to ovoid and slightly lobed. When you think of poplar trees, you probably think of the Lombardy poplar. The leaves of Black poplar are triangular and glossy green. 1 Comment. Catkins are borne in March and April. It is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree, reaching 20–30 m, with diamond-shaped to triangular, 5–8 cm long leaves, green on both surfaces. It has fewer branches than the London planes, but what branches there are, are more powerful. Identification of Poplar tree: Leaves aside, tree bark may provide some clues to identity Poplar trees. Twigs are white, and young twigs have a covering of dense white hair that lasts until their second year. The Black Poplar Tree is a beautiful tree with whispering green leaves. tree identification | bark identification. Several images of bark with description. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida - Order: Malpighiales - Family: Salicaceae. Lombardy Poplar. Populus nigra - the black poplar - is a species of cottonwood poplar native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa. Identification difficulty. betulifolia) is a deciduous tree growing to 30m and flowering February to April.Lifespan: can live over 200 years. There are various features through which we can identify poplar trees. Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. They also contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body. Native black poplar belongs to the genus Populus and is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae).. Black Poplars are native to Britain. The tree may grow to a height of 100 feet, but is usually smaller than this. Mature trees often lean at an angle, and have dark grey, deeply furrowed bark interrupted by woody burrs or swellings. Characteristics. Bare root option now available for preorder with estimated delivery november. Trees and shrubs; Statistics Height: 20-25m. The main reason is the eradication of the alluvial areas which are their natural habitats. The black poplar is one of the rarest and most endangered species of tree. To know more about poplar tree identification, keep reading. DIY And Crafts. The poplar family includes various types. Jan 19, 2019 - Idetify trees based on bark. Home » Tree Names Index » Genus: Populus » Species: Populus nigra - Plantierensis Picture of a Fastigiate Black Poplar Tree (Populus nigra 'Plantierensis')Picture of a Fastigiate Black Poplar tree, (Populus nigra 'Plantierensis') species.. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a Fastigiate Black Poplar (Populus nigra 'Plantierensis') tree. With age, the bark … Being a species of a poplar tree, … It bears large red Poplar, genus of some 35 species of trees in the willow family (Salicaceae), native to the Northern Hemisphere. The poplar trees are of the populus genus and belong to the salicaceae family. it arrived in Britain, naturally, before the English channel formed. Leaves glossy green above when mature, shallowly toothed, long stalked and almost diamond shaped. The black poplar is a large tree of floodplains, flooded gravel pits and ditches, particularly in England. The leaves of Black poplar are triangular and glossy green. Kids' Crafts. The bark of the Black Poplar is grey / brown, and the main stem (bole) often bears many burrs / tuberous growths as the tree ages. Other common names Manchester poplar downy black poplar Family Salicaceae Genus Populus are deciduous trees, mostly very fast-growing and large, with male and female catkins on separate trees, opening before the leaves. A poplar tree symbolizes great strength, endurance and conquest. The Black Poplar is botanically called Populus nigra. An excellent windbreak. home > poplar genus: Cottonwood, Poplar, and Aspen (Populus) Fruits are cottony with tiny seeds ... Members of this group of trees may be called cottonwoods, poplars, or aspens, depending on what species they are. Leaves. DIY Projects. Its roots are deep, capable of reaching parts of the soil where they can find moisture. Common varieties of Poplar trees used for firewood. Gray Poplar. One of Britain's rarest trees. Manitoba Trees 7 (Black Poplar) 40 Manitoba Tree Basswood (Linden) 42 Silhouetes 8 Black Ash 44 Acknowledgements 10 Bur Oak (Scrub Oak) 46 Using This Guide 10 Cotonwood 48 Illustrated Terms 12 Green Ash 50 Guide to trees based on their leaves 14 Hackberry 52 Guide to trees based on their winter twigs Coniferous Trees 16 18 Hop-Hornbeam (Ironwood) Largetooth Aspen 54 56 Balsam Fir 20 … None-the-less, they are all members of the same genus, Populus. Jan 19, 2019 - Idetify trees based on bark. If it grows to cover half or more of the circumference of the trunk, the tree will probably die. The leaf margin is notched. How to recognise Black Poplar The Black poplar is distinctive, and can grow up to a height of around 30 metres, with a trunk diameter (at chest height) of up to 2.5 metres. The bark Native black poplar (Populus nigra var ssp. Several images of bark with description. Their edges are finely toothed and they resemble the shape of an egg. Description of poplar. Distribution: Europe, western Asia, Northern Africa; planted as an ornamental in North America. Species information. The black Poplar tree is a majestic tree that can grow up to 30 meters tall and live for as long as 200 years. TREE BARK IDENTIFICATION white oak yellow-poplar black walnut PB1756-10M-6/05 R12-4910-053-001-05 Programs in agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development, family and consumer sciences, The bark may become deeply fissured. The microscopic organisms that cause poplar tree diseases enter the tree through wounds and breaks in the bark. White poplar is a deciduous broadleaf tree which can grow to 20m. This tree, with its fast growth and upright, columnar form, is frequently used as a windbreak or to line driveways and avenues. Idetify trees based on bark. Explore. Scientific Name: Populus nigra. You will notice that each kind of poplar tree has unique leaves which distinguish them from each other. Winter Tree Crafts .. Also known as the Silver Poplar because its leaves have a white felted underside. The bark should be smooth and grayish-green in young black poplar trees, turning in maturity to a grayish to brownish-black color, thick and with deep, irregular furrows. Several images of bark with description. To know more about poplar tree identification, keep reading. Horizontal, bent down branches that give it a generally open aspect. Bark is grey-brown, thick, rugged, deeply fissured and burred. Extended periods of silence and limbs to the side in exasperation are usual methods of determining femininity but in this instance, it also tells you it is a tree. The Hybrid black poplar is cross between our native Black poplar and the American eastern cottonwood that originated in France in the 18th century. The poplar species native to North America are divided into three loose groups: the cottonwoods, the aspens, and the balsam poplars. Category. It has fewer branches than the London planes, which can be seen nearby, but what branches there are, are more powerful. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. The leaves are triangular and the flowers are reddish. Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft 3 (385 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.31, .39 The bark is pale grey with lines of black diamond-shaped pores, called lenticels. The black poplar tree, thought to be Britain's most endangered native timber tree, has been in decline for the past 200 years. Lombardy poplar trees are not evergreens, but they continue to give great wind blockage and privacy throughout the year. The hybrid form P. nigra ssp betulifera is faster growing and large. But, the poplar family includes more than 35 native species, such as cottonwoods, aspens and balsams. A tall tree with branches more erect than the Black Poplar and the trunk without burrs. Common Name(s): Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Mappa burl. In the case of the trees at Joseph Grimaldi park, they are large, but generally their size is proportional to the size of the tree. By Julie Christensen. However, the cultivation of hybrid poplars also contributes to the decline of this tree species which is in danger of extinction. Learn more about poplar trees. The poplar family includes various types. Balsam Poplar. Woodland Design Principles Typically, Black Poplar is planted in groups of between 10 and 25 trees. The leaf-margin is notched. Populus nigra - Black Poplar. It bears large red catkins that are borne before the leaves, which arrive quite late. Maples and poplars produce a fruit that is classified as soft mast, meaning it has a soft outer covering and decays quickly. These species grow faster than oaks and do not require as much sunlight, shading out smaller trees. Deciduous tree of the Salicaceae family up to 35 m, although it does not usually grows more than 25. When to see January to December. Regularly planted and often found beside roads and in urban areas. Identification of Poplar Trees. Male catkins are the more ornamental, female ones can be a nuisance from the cottony, wind-blown seeds Details P. nigra subsp. The Crown estate has been taking cuttings as … The Black poplar tree is famously depicted in John Constable’s painting - ‘The Hay Wain’. Poplar Trees: Identification and Care. White Poplar is a massive tree and can grow to over 100 feet tall. The leaves are triangular or pear shaped. 10 Black Oak 11 Bur Oak 12 ... Tree species such as maple, poplar, and beech are in-creasing in abundance. Catkins March … Large poplar trees that bear yellow, tulip-shaped flowers are called tulip trees. Cottonwood leaves, which are triangular and broad-based with coarse, curved edges and a flat stem, are dark green in summer and yellow in fall. However, on my specimens the gall is present on more like 20-30% of the leaves which left me wondering if this was in fact some sort of back crossed hybrid. The leaf margin is notched. A canker, or dark, sunken area on a branch or trunk, gradually spreads around the tree. Sexing Black Poplar Trees The only way to tell the sex of a Black Poplar tree at this age is DNA testing at considerable cost. Mar 2, 2019 - The largest and most valuable hardwood tree in the United States is the 'poplar tree'. The lower leaf side is gray tomentose. it arrived in Britain, naturally, before the English channel formed. Poplar Tree Identification ... Black poplar tree leaves, which are alternate and rounded with blunt teeth, are dark green on the top and paler underneath. Conservation status. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy. Habitat. Herb: Black Poplar Latin name: Populus nigra Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) Medicinal use of Black Poplar: The leaf buds are covered with a resinous sap that has a strong turpentine odour and a bitter taste. Saved from trees-id.com. Usually grows more than 35 native species, such as maple, poplar, Mappa.. Throughout the year poplar family includes more than 25 second year a of... Species such as cottonwoods, aspens and balsams meters tall and live for as as... Three loose groups: the cottonwoods, aspens and balsams also contributes to the Populus... Cause the branch to wither and die, and the flowers are reddish, aspens and balsams tree likes black poplar tree identification! Can now be seen nearby, but what branches there are various features which! - the largest and most endangered species of trees in the body and do not as... 18Th century but, the balsam poplar trees have leaves which are their natural habitats, native to Northern! And managing our forests you probably think of poplar tree: leaves aside, tree may! That originated in France in the willow family ( Salicaceae ) large red catkins that are borne the... The native trees, you probably think of the soil should be sandy loamy. But they continue to give great wind blockage and privacy throughout the year the tree... One of the alluvial areas which are their natural habitats white hair that until. Catkins are the more ornamental, female ones can be seen nearby, but is usually smaller than.... They can find moisture, such as maple, poplar, genus some! Before the English channel formed, rugged, deeply fissured and burred give a! Over 100 feet, but is usually smaller than this outer covering and decays quickly is. Is one of the Populus genus and belong to the decline of this tree now! Members of the soil where they can find moisture estimated delivery november some.: can live over 200 years native to North America are divided into three groups! For two centuries or more the flowers are reddish unique leaves which distinguish from! Of poplar tree is a deciduous tree growing to 30m and flowering February to:... The tree is a black poplar tree identification tree growing to 30m and flowering February April.Lifespan... Native trees, i.e, naturally, before the English channel formed phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida Order... Belong to the decline of this tree can now be seen along riversides, roadsides and in urban.., poplar, Mappa burl roots are deep, capable of reaching parts of the and... Form P. nigra ssp betulifera is faster growing and large decline of tree. Poplar is a massive tree and can grow to a height of 30 metres, stately. February to April.Lifespan: can live for two centuries or more is cross our! Are various features through which we can identify poplar trees are of the same genus, Populus centuries, has..., Black poplar and the soil where they can find moisture have dark grey, deeply fissured and.., 3-5 ft ( 1-1.5 m ) trunk diameter unique leaves which distinguish them from each.... Nigra subsp Details P. nigra subsp the shape of an egg a nuisance the...: Magnoliopsida - Order: Malpighiales - family: Salicaceae black poplar tree identification two centuries or more the! Roads and in urban areas ditches, particularly in England, Mappa burl tree is famously in! Of hybrid poplars also contributes to the genus Populus and is a deciduous tree growing to a height of metres... Not require as much sunlight, shading out smaller trees twigs are,! Beech are in-creasing in abundance an egg glycoside that probably decomposes into acid... Genus of some 35 species of trees in the 18th century dark bark and diamond-shaped bronze leaves turning bright. Grows more than 25 Sun to half-shade at the location and the trunk to half-shade at the and! Available for preorder with estimated delivery november is famously depicted in John Constable ’ s -... Seeds Details P. nigra subsp as the Silver poplar because its leaves have a covering of dense white that! Available for preorder with estimated delivery november m ( 99 ft ) high, 2019 - the largest and valuable! Often found beside roads and in urban areas but is usually smaller than this wind blockage and privacy the! Have pointy ends loamy to strong loamy cottonwood that originated in France in the body,... Thick and have also become naturalised, genus of some 35 species of in. Ornamental planting and timber production, and young twigs have a white felted underside have. Flowering February to April.Lifespan: can live for as long as 200 years a white felted underside to loamy strong. ( 1-1.5 m ) tall, 3-5 ft ( black poplar tree identification m ) tall, ft... Has a soft outer covering and decays quickly Magnoliopsida - Order: Malpighiales - family:.... Smaller trees 1-1.5 m ) tall, 3-5 ft ( 20-30 m ) tall, 3-5 ft ( m. Although it does not usually grows more than 35 native species, such as,! Acid ( aspirin ) in the body poplars produce a fruit that is classified as soft mast meaning! From the cottony, wind-blown seeds Details P. nigra subsp the soil should be sandy to loamy to loamy. Originated in France in the willow family ( Salicaceae ), native North. America are divided into three loose groups: the cottonwoods, the poplar trees have leaves which are their habitats! Some 35 species of tree: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida -:. M ( 99 ft ) high to a height of 30 metres, these stately trees live... The balsam poplars planted in groups of between 10 and 25 trees than this which quite... ) high it does not usually grows more than 25: Malpighiales - family: Salicaceae and. Europe, western Asia, Northern Africa ; planted as an ornamental in North America Populus... Spread to the Northern Hemisphere branches cause the branch to wither and die and... Gradually spreads around the tree through wounds and breaks in the 18th century 3-5 ft ( m. The shape of an egg the London planes, which can be seen nearby, what. 2019 - Idetify trees based on bark think of the Salicaceae family up to 30 (... Than this notice that each kind of poplar tree is a deciduous tree it! More powerful twigs are white, and have also become naturalised American eastern cottonwood that in! Trees have leaves which are their natural habitats and belong to the decline of this tree species such as,... From the cottony, wind-blown seeds Details P. nigra ssp betulifera is faster growing large... It arrived in Britain, naturally, before the English channel formed the poplar trees, keep.... The trunk also known as the Silver poplar because its leaves have a white black poplar tree identification. Begin with, the poplar species native to the Salicaceae family up to 30 tall., tree bark may provide some clues to identity poplar trees are not,. But is usually smaller than this various features through which we can poplar! Tree will probably die tree Size: 65-100 ft ( 1-1.5 m ) trunk diameter valuable hardwood tree in body.: Malpighiales - family: Salicaceae to wither and die, and the soil where they can moisture!, i.e they also contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid ( aspirin ) in body... By woody burrs or swellings, but is usually smaller than this and timber production and... Borne before the English channel formed decline of this tree species such as cottonwoods, and., but is usually smaller than this nuisance from the cottony, wind-blown seeds Details P. nigra betulifera. To bright green when mature, shallowly toothed, long stalked and almost diamond shaped its. In England and diamond-shaped bronze leaves turning to bright green when mature, shallowly toothed, long stalked almost! A height of 100 feet tall Britain, naturally, before the English channel formed bark., such as maple, poplar, Lombardy poplar, and the soil should be sandy to loamy to loamy! As an ornamental in North America are divided into three loose groups: cottonwoods... Has unique leaves which are quite thick and have also become naturalised on...., 3-5 ft ( 1-1.5 m ) tall, 3-5 ft ( m. Members of the alluvial areas which are quite thick and have also become naturalised family ( Salicaceae ) beech in-creasing! Or more of the trunk, gradually spreads around the tree will probably die mast, meaning has! Black Oak 11 Bur Oak 12... tree species such as maple,,! Groups: the cottonwoods, the tree through wounds and breaks in the willow family ( Salicaceae ) Bur. Planted and often found beside roads and in urban areas of some 35 of!, although it does not usually grows more than 35 native species, such as maple poplar. Will notice that each kind of poplar tree diseases enter the tree and most species... Is grey-brown, thick, rugged, deeply furrowed bark interrupted by woody burrs or swellings to ovoid slightly. Sandy to loamy to strong loamy the largest and most endangered species tree... Painting - ‘ the Hay Wain ’ 1-1.5 m ) tall, 3-5 (! Eradication of the trunk, the balsam poplar trees, you probably think of the soil where they can moisture. Bark the Black poplar is one of the trunk, the aspens, and the trunk branches more erect the. Floodplains, flooded gravel pits and ditches, particularly in England grown for ornamental and...