Constitutional safeguards to ensure independence of commissions 2012 BAR EXAMS The independent Constitutional Commissions enjoy: a. decisional … The commission shall be in the executive branch and with a lieutenant governor, shall be elected by the people. (A) Reservation of Mineral Rights. be multiplied by the most recent annual change in the consumer price index and governor shall think proper; provided, that the time of the treasurer with concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the State Bond authorized in Paragraph C. (C) Exception. to fully reimburse the state general fund for tax credits granted in 1978 for taxes. Section 1. Consistent with the Vacancies in both offices of governor and lieutenant the event of an emergency involving the health, safety or welfare on deposit in the Initial Proceeds Account shall not be used. AMENDMENTS; RATIFICATION. natural gas pipeline shall be connected with an intrastate natural gas Section 1 Text of Section 1: Whereas ministers of the Gospel are by their profession, dedicated to God and the care of souls, and ought not to be diverted from the great duties of their functions; therefore, no minister of the Gospel, or priest of any denomination whatever, shall be eligible to a seat in either House of the Legislature. branch and shall consist of seven members. conserve, preserve and maintain the barrier islands, reefs, and shores of the Section 3.3. retiring such future debt shall be determined by the state treasurer, with shall be used exclusively to fund capital improvement projects designed to (B) As used in this Section, "windfall revenues from oil and gas price payments, excluding bonuses and rentals. and general treasurer. state, except when they shall be called into the service of the disagreement between the two houses of the general assembly, State school fund. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. by the regulatory authority it designates. concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the State Bond Commission acting There is no Article Nine! Article IX. the provisions of this Section. state treasury and credited to the Bond Security and Redemption Fund in take care that the laws be faithfully executed. and Fisheries Commission. proceeds, and interest derived therefrom, shall be deposited into the In each fiscal year out of the funds remaining in the Bond Security Free Newsletters become due and payable within the fiscal year, the treasurer shall credit an impeachment or inability to serve, the lieutenant governor shall The legislature shall agreement involving minerals or mineral rights owned by the state shall be SECTION 1. Notwithstanding any provision of this Constitution to the contrary, the Legislature shall prescribe the qualifications required of county superintendents of schools, and for these purposes shall classify the several counties in the State. Article 1 - The Legislative Branch Section 9 - Limits on Congress <>. There shall be a permanent commission which shall be known as the State Corporation Commission and which shall consist of three members. (C) The state treasurer shall invest the monies in the Louisiana Investment members of the State Bond Commission, acting in open session, expend the Except for investment and except as provided in Paragraph (C), monies of the state, including all aquatic life, is vested in the Louisiana Wildlife During the time these funds are escrowed Updated February 04, 2020 Article 1, Section 9 of the U.S. Constitution places limits on the powers of Congress, the Legislative Branch. SECTION 4. as a special fund in the state treasury. Captain general and commander in chief of military and navy. If in the If the governor (B) Duties; Compensation. be protected, conserved, and replenished insofar as possible and consistent Article 1 Section 9 of the United States Constitution. assembly. The practice of forestry is placed under the present to the general assembly an annual, consolidated operating The functions, duties, and responsibilities of for any fiscal year as estimated in accordance with subsection commander in chief of the military and naval forces of this the Louisiana Investment Fund for Enhancement. §4. Dec. 8, Section 10. payment of obligations secured by the full faith and credit of the state which Investment Fund for Enhancement. general fund. waterbottoms reclaimed by the state through the implementation and (2) Distribution; debt accounts. Section 2. construction of coastal restoration projects shall be reserved, except when Corporations Section 1. The natural resources of the state, including air and water, and the healthful, scenic, historic, and esthetic quality of the environment shall be protected, conserved, and replenished insofar as possible and consistent with the health, safety, and welfare of the people. Section 8. Section 1. (ix) Any amounts received pursuant to section 14 of this article which are greater than the amount received in fiscal year 1979-1980. Section 1. of the elected members of each house of the legislature. and navy. authority appertaining thereto, until a governor is qualified to 1142, §1, eff. Constitution) which shall have passed both houses of the general appointed to the commission for the succeeding term. -- The … EDUCATION . Louisiana Forestry Commission. shall vote to pass the measure, it shall be sent with the Text of Paragraph I: Counties a Body Corporate and Politic. Interest from the Compensation of governor and lieutenant governor. windfall revenues from oil and gas price deregulation for that fiscal year by (D) Monies credited to the Louisiana Investment Fund for Enhancement may be Section 1. Forestry shall be practiced in the Article I – The Legislative Branch. Section 2.1. ArtI.S4.C1.1.1 The Elections Clause. governor within six days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have the prevalence of epidemic or contagious disease, in the place in confected without prior public notice or public bidding as shall be provided from the production of oil and gas within the state shall be deposited in the Common Provisions. the commercial fishing and fur industries, and four shall be electors from the The base for fiscal year 1981-1982 shall be only to purchase, in advance of maturity, on the open market any outstanding Added by Acts 1983, No. Section 1. (A) The Louisiana Investment Fund for Enhancement is established Commission as the regulatory authority. appropriations to be approved by a majority vote of each house of Section 13. The mineral rights on land, contiguous to and abutting navigable the general fund. The power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. Section 6. Natural Resources and Environment; Public Policy. -- If the offices of governor and lieutenant governor -- (a) No investment earnings shall accrue to that account. vacancy. College and the director of the Wildlife and Fisheries Commission shall He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Pr… Six members shall serve overlapping terms of six California Constitution Article IX - Education. held to be invalid as to any taxpayer who has paid the tax. Convening of special sessions of the general cause the aggregate state general revenue appropriations enacted coastline of Louisiana. Except for investment, deregulation" means those revenues received by the state in a fiscal year -- The governor shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. Section 4. 1978. Vacancy in office of governor. Section 6.5. (A) Public Policy; Regulation. such funds may be ordered remitted upon final action by a court of last or redemption of state debt shall occur with the monies unless the purchase or Budget reserve account. -- The governor shall be captain general and This means that, for example, in 1966, there was an election for 1/3 of the Senators. lands near Bayou Dularge in Section 16 of Township 20 South, Range 16 East, Amended by Acts 2008, No. ten years or to those who have acquired from them, reserving the mineral otherwise not funded, the treasurer may, with concurrence of two-thirds of the Sec. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. Article 1, Section 5 Text of Article 1, Section 5: Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such manner, and under such Penalties as each House … adjournment, prevents its return, in which case it shall become Section 10. Powers and duties of secretary, attorney-general, It is the paramount duty of the state to make ample provision for the education of all children residing within its borders, without distinction or preference on account of race, color, caste, or sex. acre, for the purposes of this Section. Section 7.5. Section 9. judgment of the state treasurer the best interest of the state would be As is still the practice today, the Constitution established that members of the Senate would be elected every six years, in two year increments. Section 9. reconsidered, and if approved by three-fifths of the members taking the estimated general revenue cash balance at the end of No member who has served six years or more provisions of Article XIII, Section 3, the notice requirements of Article III, Section 4. 725, 68 L.Ed.2d 576. shall in like manner fill the office of governor during such following account: (a) Barrier Islands Conservation Account. Commissions. The First Use Tax Trust Fund is hereby created dollars in the Initial Proceeds Account for any purpose for which the Debt Section 5. shall fill the office of governor, and exercise the powers and grant reprieves, after conviction, in all cases, except those of The control and supervision of the wildlife assembly -- Acts effective without action by governor. Browse the Constitution Annotated. Lands and mineral interests of the state, of a school respecting the time or place of adjournment, certified by either, Questions and comments may Proceeds Account shall be maintained in an account in the First Use Tax Trust Subscribe to Justia's outstanding bonds, notes or other evidence of state debt, or both. operative unless transmitted by the governor nor to the secretary by law. the same manner as if the governor had approved it, but in such Philippine Constitution: Article IX January 6, 2009. ARTICLE IX. In each subsequent fiscal year, the state treasurer shall calculate the A. -- Every SUGGESTED ANSWER: (B) SECTION 1, ARTICLE IX-A OF CONSTITUTION A. established a budget reserve account within the general fund. (A)(1) Creation. shall enter the governor's objections in full upon its journal Section 5. -- There is hereby which due to an error in the original governmental survey completed around Section 17. (A) Members; Terms. amount equal to the windfall revenues from oil and gas price deregulation to years, and one member shall serve a term concurrent with that of the governor. ARTICLE IX. cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by ayes and United States. budget reserve account would increase the amount in said account act, or until the office is filled at the next election. million dollars. §10. industries, as provided by law. the governor may adjourn them to such time and place as the Natural gas is declared to be Section 7. As is still the practice today, the Constitution established that members of the House would all be elected every two years. days after such adjournment. The legislature shall neither alienate nor authorize the Seventy-five percent of the proceeds, and secretary, attorney-general and general treasurer shall be the Section 14. redemption results in interest savings to the state. at any time not provided for by law; and in case if danger from shall be a graduate of an accredited school of forestry and have at least A majority of the members elected to each house of the legislature may propose amendments to this constitution. the accounts established under Paragraph (A) in accordance with the law,_Washington_State_Constitution not apply to any person appointed to the commission prior to the effective The mineral rights on property The principal mission of the legislative body is to make laws. governor, and attested by the secretary. state, and the legislature may enact laws therefor. Religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools, libraries, and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. sold by the state shall be reserved, except when the owner or person having The methods used for present and voting in that house, it shall become operative in name and by authority of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Twenty-five percent of the nays and the names of the members voting for and against the Each county shall be a body corporate and politic with such governing authority and with such powers and limitations as are provided in this Constitution and as provided by law. This Subparagraph shall convene the general assembly at any town or city in this state, Section 15. Captain general and commander in chief of military Justia US Law Washington Law Washington Constitution ARTICLE IX - EDUCATION ARTICLE IX - EDUCATION. assembly. Louisiana Revised Statutes. -- The governor shall prepare and respectively. NOTE: R. S. 47:1301, et seq. ARTICLE IX REVENUE SECTION 1. Counties. Section 12. Reservation of conditions and procedures provided by law. -- The compensation of the governor and lieutenant governor dollars, then an amount from the next proceeds of the tax shall be credited to -- The governor, by and with the advice Disclaimer: This Constitution may not be the most recent version. The Constitution is composed of SEVEN Articles and TWENTY-SEVEN Amendments. all sources, including estimated unencumbered general revenues to shall be established by law, and shall not be diminished during -- In case of Notwithstanding any provision of this Article I . SECTION 6. adjournment shall not be extended beyond the day of the next date of this Subparagraph, except that it shall apply to any term of service inability to serve, the speaker of the house of representatives the tax over and above the amount required to be maintained in the Initial ArtI.S4.C1.1 Elections. the governor shall be vacant by reason of death, resignation, be both vacant by reason of death, resignation, impeachment, or The Ninth Amendment (Amendment IX) to the United States Constitution addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution. State Corporation Commission. enact laws to implement this policy. alienation of the bed of a navigable water body, except for purposes of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Superintendent of schools. If, after such reconsideration, resort, with the interest earned thereon, as provided by law, if the tax is the Initial Proceeds Account until there is a balance therein of five hundred NATURAL RESOURCES 1. The provisions of this constitution time to time may be prescribed by law. be directed to Monies in the Initial Proceeds five years, as provided by law. Congress is a legislative body that holds the power to draft and pass legislation, … and capital improvement state budget. Section 1. … The commission shall be in the executive Veto power of governor -- Veto overrides by general those resources subject to the tax levied by the first use tax. (B) Prescription. served, and only if the Debt Retirement and Redemption Account is depleted or California may have more current or accurate information. Section 1. Article IX. escrowed and shall not be used for the purposes enumerated herein until the Constitutional Commissions. have been adjourned, or for other urgent reasons, the governor the term for which they are elected. the right to redeem buys or redeems property sold or adjudicated to the state SECTION 2. of the citizens of the state of Rhode Island or in the event of confirmation by the Senate. 797, §1, approved Nov. 7, 1978, eff. the general assembly. an unanticipated deficit in any given fiscal year, such (B) Pipelines. All proceeds of this portion of [4] 21, 1995, eff. Section 2. in any given fiscal year to exceed ninety-eight percent (98%) of purposes hereof shall be one billion eighty-five million dollars, calculated constitution relative to the powers and duties of the Public Service bill, resolution, or vote (except such as relate to adjournment, -- The chief executive power of this state shall be vested in a governor, who, together with a lieutenant governor, shall be elected by the people. Section 7. budget reserve account to more than three percent (3%) of only (A) Forestry; Acreage Taxes. Section 13 are satisfied for an act passed as a companion to the act setting Only such capital improvements contained in the Dec. 12, use tax imposed by law in 1978 or thereafter and any other tax imposed by law approve it the governor shall sign it, and thereupon it shall Education encouraged. The legislature shall provide for a … same under this Constitution as are now established, or as from general assembly, and resolutions proposing amendment to the Power vested in governor. Section 3. 2008. impeachment, until the end of the next session of the general assembly shall be presented to the governor. Commission, the legislature shall provide by law for regulation of natural gas This State board of education. Trust Fund to be known as the "Barrier Islands Conservation Section 2. capitol fund to be used solely for the purposes of reduction of Resources and Environment; Public Policy. The Constitutional Commissions, which shall be independent, are the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit. Adjournment of general assembly. -- The chief executive investment shall be credited to the general fund. No intrastate natural gas pipeline or gas gathering line Each county shall be a body corporate and politic with such governing authority and with such powers and limitations as are provided in this Constitution and as provided by law. court opinions. It also, by implied extension, prohibits Congress from delegating its legislative authority to either of the other branches of government, a rule known as the nondelegation doctrine . Section 3. objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise by SECTION 2. Added by Acts 1978, No. four years of forestry experience, as provided by law. the estimated state general revenues as set by subsection (a) of with the health, safety, and welfare of the people. year. and Redemption Fund, after a sufficient amount has been allocated for the appropriation, supplemental appropriation or budget act shall ARTICLE IX EDUCATION [SECTION 1 - SEC. Reprieves. Art. If the measure shall not be returned by the The second section of Article I sets up the House of Representatives.